Hypertension exists for years without experiencing any signs and symptoms. But without any symptoms, hypertension can still damage blood vessels. Luckily blood pressure can be easily monitored through a sphygmomanometer. It is composed of an arm cuff, squeeze bulb, a stethoscope and a blood pressure meter. This blood pressure chart should guide you.
Top Number (systolic) Bottom Number (diastolic) Category
Below 120 Below 80 Normal
Between 120-139 Between 80-89 Prehypertension
Between 140-159 Between 90-99 Stage 1 Hypertension
160 and above 100 and above Stage 2 Hypertension
Causes of Hypertension
- Heart Problems
Hypertension caused by heart problems is referred to as Hypertensive Heart Disease. When your heart works under increase pressure, hypertension might develop.
- Kidney Problems
Hypertension caused by kidney defects are called Renal Hypertension. When kidneys receive lower blood flow, they release hormones to stimulate and maintain water and sodium. Blood vessels will then be filled with too much fluid and then the blood pressure goes up.
- Adrenal Gland Tumors
When adrenalin tumors control mutated ions transporters to maintain the electrolyte balance of the body. Instead of sending out the ions, the mutated transporters let it seep through causing adrenalin glands to produce aldosterone, causing high blood pressure.
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Obstructive Sleep Apnea produces systolic and diastolic pressure that keeps blood pressure high at night causing hypertension.
- Thyroid Problems
Low or high production of thyroid hormone results to high blood pressure.
- Blood Vessel Defects
Pulmonary Hypertension is caused by the cells that line to the pulmonary arteries.
- Drug Abuse
As the body temperature rises and heart rate change caused by the illegal drugs you take, blood pressure goes up causing hypertension.
- Alcohol Abuse
Studies show that drinking too much alcohol raises blood pressure to irregular levels causing hypertension.
- Cold Remedies
There are several side effects, including hypertension, in the cold remedies you intake.
- Birth Control Pills
Birth control pills narrows your small blood vessels resulting to blood pressure.
Other causes of Hypertension:
This cost a lot if we take it for granted so we better follow or do some remedies to prevent hypertension.
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